Hearing Loss in Children:
Its decrease in the ability to perceive sounds. It can be partial or total, sudden or gradual, temporary or permanent. It can affect one ear or both. In general, the risk of hearing loss increases with age. The prevalence of deafness in India is fairly significant. It is the second most common cause of disability. Approximately 63 million people (6.3%) in India suffer from significant auditory loss.
How it affects Child's quality of life?
Types of Hearing Loss in Children:
Conductive Hearing Loss: Outer &/Or Middle ear damage
Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Inner ear damage
Mixed Hearing Loss: Outer &/Or middle ear & Inner ear damage
What causes hearing loss in Children?
Heavy noise exposure
Perforated ear drum
Sudden Loud sound
What are the Signs/Symptoms for Hear loss?
Hereditary / Genetic
Poor school performance.
Frequent & recurrent ear infections.
Does not respond when you call his/her name.
Persistent ear discomfort after exposure to loud noise (regular and constant listening to electronics at high volumes)
Inappropriate answers in conversations.
Read lips or more intently watch people's faces when they speak with you
How to Detect Hearing Loss in Adults???
There battery of tests that can be used to detect the type & degree of hearing loss in Children which is very important for itsmanagement. Simple & easy to perform & understand. Non Invasive, no pain. Cost effective than CT Scan & MRI
Pure tone Audiometry
Otoacoustic Emissions. (OAE's)
BERA / ABR
How to treat the Hearing loss in adults?
There are following three management options for hearing loss in adults depending upon the type & cause of the hearing loss
Difficulty in developing Language
Unclear or No Speech at all
Disturbed socialization with others
Lower self-esteem & confidence
How to avoid it???
Avoid heavy noise exposure for long periods
Donít ignore discharging ear
Eat dark fruits & vegetable more
If child has cold, treat it immediately
Consult an ENT specialist & Audiologist immediately if you see any Signs/Symptoms of Hearing Loss.
What if already have hearing loss.....
Get the Hearing Tested
Use Hearing Aids as soon as possible